Children are susceptible to the harsh environment of the world. There are specifically some conditions that affect more children than an adult. If treated on time, these conditions don’t take an enormous toll on the body.

Pediatric Surgeons in Karachi say that getting a disease treated before it because a syndrome or a deadly complication is better for the child in the long run.

  • Chickenpox

Chickenpox occurs due to a viral infection that is contagious and can be spread easily via contact or coughing or sneezing in the same room. Chickenpox is distinguished by red, small itchy spots. It is the most common childhood disease, but it also rarely affects adults. Children who develop chickenpox must be isolated from other children and pregnant women.

  • Croup

Croup affects children under the age of 5. It is the inflammation of the trachea or windpipe that makes it hard to breathe. A harsh sound is produced while breathing and it has a distinctive cough. Croup is not very serious in the earlier stages but it can become serious. The virus that causes croup is the same as the common cold.

  • Fever

This might be the commonest of all diseases in children. When the body’s immune system fight an infection a fever occurs. Your child may look flushed and the skin is hot to touch. The temperature rises in the afternoon and in the evening. The most possible explanation for a fever is an infection or it might occur as a symptom of other diseases. Some children might feel chills and others might sweat.

  • Diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea is serious in children. Breastfeeding babies tend to develop diarrhea. Diarrhea produces loose, smelly, and watery stools. Some children might experience stomach pains. Diarrhea usually lasts for 10 days and mostly affects children from ages 1 to 5. Diarrhea may be caused by a viral infection, food poisoning, or a stomach bug.

  • Food Allergies

Food allergies cause a life-threatening reaction if not treated promptly. Anaphylaxis is a severe reaction produced as a result of an allergy. For these purposes, an EpiPen is kept to inject the person or child having an allergic reaction. Common allergy foods include eggs, nuts, milk, shellfish, and wheat. A 6-month old child is started on a solid diet, and that is when most parents find out whether or not their child has a food allergy.

  • Measles

Measles is caused by a viral infection that is more serious than mumps or chickenpox. It is an airborne virus and is transmitted when an infected person sneezes or coughs or talks. The air carries the droplets, and the virus is spread. Measles can lead to many other health complications including encephalitis. Measles has an intense rash-like appearance with red and blotchy spots. The rash is not itchy.

  • Mumps

Mumps was a common disease but has become rare nowadays. The immunization programs have proven to be very effective to tackle mumps. Mumps already ahs a vaccine and a place in the immunization program. No vaccination can put you at risk of developing the disease. It is also a viral infection that is contagious. It lasts for up to 25 days. Mumps virus reproduces in the parotid gland (responsible for saliva production).

  • Whooping Cough

Whooping cough is a bacterial infection that affects the airways and the lungs. It is highly infectious. It is a very severe and serious condition in infants and newborns. If your child has not had whooping cough vaccination, then he is at a high risk of contracting the infection. Whooping cough can last up to 3 months and is sometimes also called the ‘100-day cough’. This whooping cough develops in stages.

  • Cough, Cold and Sore Throat

It is common for children to have a cough and cold, especially during the winters. Cough can be cured by a cough syrup or throat and cough lozenges. If it’s a persistent cough that won’t go away, then it might be a symptom of some other infectious disease. Since the immune system of young children is still developing, they can easily get a cold. In the same way, it is easy for them to get a sore throat.

It is easy for children to fall ill. Preventive measures can be taken to remedy that. Moreover, every child must be vaccinated for their own protection.